Stem cell transplants repair damaged nerves
In long-term studies, it is difficult for people to find the process of self-repair in the central nervous system (CNS). CNS has been considered to be irreparable for a long time, so spinal cord injury (SCI) and cerebral palsy (CP) and other central nervous system injury diseases are major medical problems.
Since the second half of the last century, there has been increasing evidence that the ability of the nervous system to regenerate itself exists, but our ability to maximize this spontaneous regeneration is very limited. The discovery of stem cells in recent years makes people hope to use these cells to repair damaged CNS, and people are very interested in the multi-differentiation and self-replication ability of stem cells.
Properties of stem cells for nerve repair is very important, in a study from Germany, according to the report with neurotrophic factors using stem cells for spinal cord injury clinical trials for the shocking results: received stem cells transplantation of spinal cord after 9 days, the fracture of neural axon stretching more than 1 cm in length, average every day more than 1 mm. The results are encouraging for many people with spinal cord injuries. In addition, many experiments from around the world have also confirmed that stem cells can reduce secondary damage from the nervous system, and reduce the late death of neurons, oligodendrocytes and other cells, which the researchers attributed to the neural protective effect of stem cells.
The use of stem cell transplantation to repair damaged nervous system is making progress step by step, in the country has entered the clinical stage earlier, with exciting results. With the continuous development of scientific research, stem cells will certainly become one of the most effective therapy for the treatment of acute or chronic diseases of the nervous system, only in the future we can fully reveal the stem cells in the treatment of CNS diseases, such as spinal cord injury, cerebral palsy, Parkinson's, alzheimer's disease, stroke, and so on all aspects of the potential role, but now we have can say with confidence, stem cells in the treatment of the human central nervous system diseases has produced huge influence, the influence will continue to extend.
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