Ministry of science and technology: China has an important international influence in the field of i
On May 23, the ministry of science and technology, the ministry of education, the Chinese academy of sciences, the Chinese academy of engineering and the national natural science foundation of China jointly held a national basic research conference in Beijing. This is the third national basic research congress held since 1989 and 2000.
Zhang xian 'en, director general of the basic research department of the ministry of science and technology, said in an exclusive interview that China's basic research has developed rapidly in the new century, and high level achievements have been made on several fronts of science. The achievements of basic research are highlighted in its growing ability to "guide" the transformation of the pattern of economic development.
Zhang said the long-term accumulation of basic research and multidisciplinary integration lay behind the success of major projects such as manned space flight, the qinghai-tibet railway and the south-to-north water diversion project. The in-depth study of energy, agriculture, life and environmental science, as well as the exploration of the deep ocean, deep earth and deep space, have laid a scientific foundation for solving the "bottlenecks" of China's sustainable development, such as food security, disease control, climate change and resource shortage.
In particular, in recent years, China has exerted important influence on the world in the fields of high-temperature superconductivity, nanoscience, quantum communication, induced pluripotent stem cells and paleontology, and has advanced into the world's advanced ranks in some fields, demonstrating China's scientific research strength.
At present, China has 382 state key laboratories, including 261 state key laboratories in universities and research institutes, and 6 pilot state laboratories. Fortunately, enterprises began to truly become the main body of independent innovation, and 96 national key laboratories have been built relying on backbone enterprises.
Between 2000 and 2009, a total of 65 scientific papers were published in China, according to a June 2010 search of the Thomson Reuters science network database by the China institute of science and technology information. There are 90,000 papers, ranking the fifth in the world. The total number of papers cited in the past 10 years is 3.63 million, ranking the eighth in the world. Since 2008, China has ranked second in the world in the number of papers indexed by SCI, with more than 150,000 in 2010.
China is increasingly involved in major international science and technology cooperation programs. China is funding 9 percent of the international thermonuclear fusion reactor research programme (ITER), a joint project with the us, Japan and Europe. The permanent magnet at the heart of the alpha magnetic spectrometer 2, a large particle detector that blasted off on the space shuttle endeavour on May 16, was developed by Chinese scientists.
Zhang said the evaluation of science and technology must be further improved to strengthen the construction of the style of study. In the next 10 years, China will follow the path of independent innovation with Chinese characteristics, follow the law of scientific development and strengthen basic research. We will continue to put people first, foster a soil and culture conducive to innovation, and promote all-round development of scientific research, personnel training and base building. We will substantially increase our capacity for original innovation and strive to make China's overall level of basic research one of the best in the world by 2020.
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